What is linen made of? - miitu
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How it is made

 

FROM FLEX TO THREAD

The linen journey is a complicated and lengthy process, which requires great skills, plenty of patience and endless love

So linen is a natural yarn, a fabric that comes from fibres growing in the stalks of perennial flax. Its seeds are typically sown in April, taking about a hundred and ten days to reach its blooming stage with a display of mainly blue flowers. When the flax plant is ready to be harvested and made into linen thread, it is gathered in whole by being pulled from the ground to preserve the fibres, which run the entire length of the plant, i.e., from 60 to 120 centimetres. After the harvest the flax is allowed to dry in the sun, before it continues its journey. The next step is to comb the seeds off the plant with a coarse comb, the process known as rippling. The fibres must then be loosened (retted) and separated from the woody matter (scutched), so that no part of a flax plant is ever wasted! Fibres are combed (hackled), and long-line, soft fibres are separated from the short-tow ones. The long-line fibres are spun into yarn that is used to produce the finished fabric. Ta-da! You have just witnessed the birth of linen!

In the old days, all of the procedures were done by hand, which was proven to be a very lengthy and expensive process. However, as soon as the industry got involved, hand spinners were replaced with more efficient machinery to supply for the ever growing demand for linen – fine fabric much appreciated for its beauty and the benefits enjoyed by those who have chosen to wear it.